Eulophia cucullata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Steud. 1840 SECTION Cyrtopera

Plant in situ Photos courtesy of © Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Another Flower

Plant In Situ Zimbabwe Photos by Bart Wursten ©, and his Flora Of Zimbabwe WebSite

Full Shade Hot Cold Spring Summer

Common Name The Cowl-Carrying Eulophia [refers to the lip] - The Blunt Spurred Ground Orchid

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Benin, Burkino, Gambai, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Rwanda, Zaire, Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Natal and Madagascar in woodlands, scrub, rough grasslands and drier marshes and on the edges of ant hills in short grass swamps at elevations of 200 to 2300 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to cold growing, slender terrestrial with underground, irregularly shaped and in a chain pseudobulbs giving rise to the 3 to 4, plicate, erect, linear leaves after or with the 2 to 9 flowered inflorescence carrying showy flowers occuring in the spring and summer.

This species is used to cure impotence and barrenness by the Zulus in South Africa.

Synonyms Eulophia arenaria (Lindl.) Bolus 1898; Eulophia cucullata var. dilecta (Rchb.f.) Pérez-Vera 2003; Eulophia dilecta (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1900; Eulophia kondensis Butzin 1975; Eulophia monteiroi (Rolfe) Butzin 1975; Eulophia stylites (Rchb.f.) A.D.Hawkes 1964; *Limodorum cucullatum Afzel. ex Sw. 1800; Lissochilus amabilis Schltr. 1924; Lissochilus arenarius Lindl. 1863; Lissochilus dilectus Rchb.f. 1878; Lissochilus euanthus Schltr. 1915; Lissochilus kassnerianus Kraenzl. 1914; Lissochilus monteiroi Rolfe 1897; Lissochilus roscheri Rchb.f. 1878; Lissochilus stylites Rchb.f. 1878

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus stylites; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus arenarius; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus dilectus; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus roscheri; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus arenarius; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus stylites; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Lissochilus stylites; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Lissochilus dilectus; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 as E arenaria; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as Lissochilus arenaria photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E stylites; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 #10 1968 photo fide; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 1 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing/photo not; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo ok; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 drawing ok; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb and Launert 1992 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1996 photo fide; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #1 1997 photo fide; African orchids in the Wild and Cultivation LaCroix 1997 photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; Orchid Digerst Vol 64 #2 2000 photo fide Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendrodeae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2009; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 8 2017 photo/DRAWING fide;