Eulophia livingstoneana (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1947 publ. 1948 Photo by Lourens Grobler

Inflorescence Photo by Dominique Karadjoff and his Madagascar Orchids Species Website

FragrancePart SunHotCoolLATESpringSummer

Common Name or Meaning Livingstone's Eulophia [Scottish Missionary and African Explorer 1800's] - In Madagascar - Felatrandraka

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Rwanda, Burundi, Central African Republic, Zaire, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namimbia, Transvaal South Africa, Mozanbique, The Comoros and Madagascar in grasslands, marshes and deciduous woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 2350 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with an underground cylindrical rhizome giving rise after flowering, 3 to 6, plicate, glabrous, linear, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, 2' to 3'4" [60 to 100 cm] long, loosely 7 to 15 flowered inflorescence with 3 to 4 tightly adpressed sheaths and linear, lanceolate, acute, equal to to slightly shorter than the pedicel floral bracts and carrying flowers with a soft fragrance

The tubers of this species are used to make a broth that is taken by mouth to cure women of barrenness and also to prevent miscarriage as it is used for 4 months after conception.

Synonyms Eulophia faradjensis De Wild. 1919; Eulophia gracilior (Rendle) Butzin 1975; Eulophia jumelleana Schltr. 1913; Eulophia robusta Rolfe 1910; Eulophia robusta Schltr. 1913; Lissochilus affinis Rendle 1895; Lissochilus cornigerus Rendle 1895; Lissochilus fallax Rchb.f. 1881; Lissochilus faradjensis De Wild. 1919; Lissochilus gracilior Rendle 1895; Lissochilus gracilior var. angusta Rendle 1895; Lissochilus jumelleanus (Schltr.) Schltr. 1915; Lissochilus laggiarae Schltr. 1918; *Lissochilus livingstoneanus Rchb.f. 1881; Lissochilus malangensis Rchb.f. 1881; Lissochilus mediocris Rendle 1895; Lissochilus rutenbergianus Kraenzl. 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus malangensis; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus livingstnianus; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus fallax; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/1981 as Lissochilus rutenbergianus drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No4 1959 as E robusta; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo good; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as E robusta; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing good/photo good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide