Eulophia milnei Rchb.f. 1881 SECTION Orthochilus

Side View of Flower Photos by Margaret Westrop and her Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Partial shade Warm ColdSpring EARLY Summer

Common Name Milne's Eulophia [original collector of species 1800's] - Warneck's Ground Orchid

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Ethiopia, Sudan, Benin, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Togo, Ghana, Liberia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaire, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbawe, Swaziland, Natal and Transvaal South Africa in swampy grasslands, dambos and woodlands at elevations of 800 to 2300 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with subterranean, ovoid, chain-forming tubers giving rise to 2 to6, narrowly linear, acuminate, grass-like leaves that are absent or just beginning to appear at blooming in the spring and early summer on a laxly to fairly densely several to many flowered inflorescence almost completely enveloped by 4 to 5, papery bracts and has scarious, linear, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Eulophia bulbinoides Schltr. 1924; Eulophia corallorhiziformis Schltr. 1895; Eulophia dictyostegoides Kraenzl. 1900; Eulophia gracillima Ridl. 1886; Eulophia lujaeana Kraenzl. 1899; Eulophia lutea Lindl. 1862; Eulophia microdactyla Kraenzl. 1914; Eulophia poiformis Szlach. 1993; Eulophia pusilla Rolfe 1914; Eulophia thollonii Szlach. & Olszewski 2001; Eulophia warneckeana Kraenzl. 1902; Graphorkis lutea Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis milnei (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Orthochilus milnei (Rchb.f.) Bytebier, Taxon 63: 19 (2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961 as E warneckeana drawing fide; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing ok; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as E warneckeana drawing/photo hmm; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as E corallorhiziformis drawing hmm; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 photo good; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 OrchidaceaePart 2 Pope 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing ok; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendrodeae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2009