Eulophia alta (L.) Fawc. & Rendle 1910 SECTION Cyrtopera


Photos by of Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup

Photos by Eladio M. Fernandez © 2004

Full shade Warm to HotFall

Common Name The Erect Eulophia - The Wild Coco Orchid

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Zaire, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Florida, Georgia USA, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina on roadside banks and marshy areas at elevations of sealevel to 1500 meters as a large sized, pantropical, hot to warm growing terrestrial with tuberous stems concealed by basally clasping, leaf-bearing sheaths with linear-lanceolate, acuminate, 9 veined, plicate, stiff, basally conduplicate leaves with the mid-vein thickened and arising with the blooms ocurring in the spring in the northern hemisphere and in the fall in the southern hemisphere on a basal, stiffly erect, racemose, 6' [2 m] long inflorescence with linear floral bracts that carry many [30+], resupinate flowers .

This one along roadside in Bertioga, Sao Paulo State Brazil at elevation 10 meters and was blooming there in the fall. Quite a site by the side of the road in a wet drainage swale

Synonyms Bletia alta (L.) Hitchc. 1893; Cypripedium epidendricum Vell. 1831; Cyrtopera alta (L.) Stehlé 1939; Cyrtopera amazonica Barb.Rodr. 1881; Cyrtopera longifolia (Kunth) Rchb. f. 1863; Cyrtopera vellosiana Barb.Rodr. 1881; Cyrtopera woodfordii (Sims) Lindl. 1833; Cyrtopodium woodfordii Sims 1816; Dendrobium longifolium Kunth 1816; Dendrobium mexicanum C. Presl 1827; Eulophia alta f. flavescens (Schltr.) F.Barros 2004; Eulophia alta f. pallida P.M.Br. 1995; Eulophia alta f. pelchatii P.M.Br. 1998; Eulophia alta var. alba L.C.Menezes 1998; Eulophia alta var. pachystelidia (Rchb.f.) G.A.Romero 2005; Eulophia longifolia (Kunth) Schltr. 1816; Eulophia longifolia var. Cogn. 1902; Eulophia longifolia var. flavescens Schltr. 1922; Eulophia longifolia var. pachystelida Rchb.f 1852; Eulophia woodfordii (Sims) Rolfe 1897; Govenia barbata Poepp. & Endl. 1837-8; *Limodorum altum L. 1767; Lissochilus amazonicus Barb.Rodr. 1877; Maxillaria longifolia Lindley 1832; Paphiopedilum epidendricum (Vell.) Pfitzer 1894; Platypus altus (L.) Small 1767; Platypus papilliferus Small 1903; Xylobium longifolium [Kunth] Lindl. ex Spreng. 1828;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Cyrtopera woodfordii; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Cyrtopera longifolia; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing as E longifolia drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E longifolia; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 51. Panama Schlechter 1922 E longifolia; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:140 Schlechter 1924 as E longifolia; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Cyrtopera alta; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as Eulophia longifolia drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as E longifolia drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 8 1959 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961 as E longifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; The Native Orchids Of Florida Luer 1972 Drawing/photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drwaing fide; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 105 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 6 1981 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams 1983 Drawing fideAOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1222 Dodson 1985 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Natiove Orchids of the Eastrern Caribbean Kenny 1988 photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0233 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin Vol 47 No 2 1992 photo; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum plate 056 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 as Xylobium longifolium; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 3 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and in Cultivation La Croix 1997; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 2 2000 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 #12 2001 as E alta fma pelcahtii; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing good; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendrodeae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2009 Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #3 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Limodorum altum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 as Cyrtopodium woodfordii drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 8 2017 drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide