Eulophia parviflora (Lindl.) A.V.Hall 1965 Photo by Kurzweil

Inflorescence opening Photo by Cameron & Rhoda McMaster and their African Bulbs - South African Orchid Page

Fragrance Full sun Cool Cold LATERWinterspring

Common NameThe Small Flowered Eulophia

Flower Size 1.4" [6 cm]

Found in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Cape Province, Natal, Swaziland and Transvaal in coastal thornveld and sour grassveld in full sun at elevations close to sea level to 1800 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with leathery, only partly matured at blooming leaves that blooms in the later winter and spring on an erect, terminal, to 8" to 20" [20 to 50 cm] long, 5 to 30 flowered inflorescence and carrying sweet scented flowers.

This species and Eulophia inaequalis Schltr. 1895 are similar but differ in that this one the flowers are non resupinate and closely spaced and the lip crest has low verrucose ridges and the spur is 2 to 5 mm long and there is no mentum and the basal lip is immobile, while Eulophia inaequalis has resupinate, widely spaced flowers with low, dentate, erose ridges on the lip crests, has a spur that is 4 to 7 mm long, a mentum that is 1 to 2 mm long and the entire lip is flexible.

Synonyms Cyrtopera oliveriana Rchb.f. 1881; Eulophia aequalis (Lindl.) Bolus 1889; Eulophia bilamellata Schltr. 1895; Eulophia bilamellata var. euryceras Schltr. 1895; Eulophia elegantula Rolfe 1917; Eulophia inandensis Rolfe 1912; Eulophia oliveriana (Rchb.f.) Bolus 1889; Eulophia rupestris Rchb.f. 1847; Eulophia rupincola Rchb.f. 1857; Eulophia saundersiae Rolfe 1910; Eulophia swynnertonii Rendle 1911; Lissochilus aequalis Lindl. 1836; *Lissochilus parviflorus Lindl. 1833;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as E rupestris; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 photo; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; The Cape Orchids Liltved & Johnson 2012 photos fide