Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb. f.) J.J. Sm. 1905 Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Another Flower Photo by David Kuehn

Fragrance Part sun Warm Cool LATESpring EARLYSummer

Common Name Zollinger's Eulophia [Swiss Orchid Collector late 1800's] - In Australia - The Carrion Orchid - In Japan - Imone-yagara - In China - Wu Ye Mei Guan Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm] or less

Found in Assam, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, lower India, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Fujian, Guangdong, Guanxi, south Jiangxi and Yunnan provinces of China, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea and Queensland Australia in natural and planted, hill to lower montane forests at elevations of 500 to 1500 meters with deep shade and thick humus as a large to giant sized, warm to cool growing, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial with large and round to elongate, horizontal and thinner, underground pseudobulbs giving rise to an erect, elongate stem carrying three imbricate, basal sheaths and 2 to 3 more higher up and no real leaves, that blooms in the late spring and early summer on a 4 to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, 15 to 20 flowered rhachis with subulate floral bracts and pungently fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Cyrtopera formosana Rolfe 1896; Cyrtopera papuana Ridl. 1886; Cyrtopera rufa Thwaites 1861; Cyrtopera sanguinea Lindl. 1859; *Cyrtopera zollingeri Rchb. f. 1857; Cyrtopodium rufum (Thwaites) Trimen 1885; Cyrtopodium sanguineum (Lindl.) N.E.Br. 1882; Eulophia carrii C.T.White 1935; Eulophia emilianae C.J.Saldanha 1974; Eulophia macrorhiza Blume 1859; Eulophia ochobiensis Hayata 1916; Eulophia sanguinea (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Eulophia yushuiana S.Y.Hu 1972; Eulophia zollingeri f. viride Yokota 1998; Eulophia zollingerioides P.O'Byrne 2011; Graphorkis macrorhiza (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Eulophia macrorhiza var. minahassae Schltr. 1911; Eulophia macrorhizon Hook.f. 1890; Graphorchis papuana (Ridl.) Kuntze 1903; Graphorkis rufa (Thwaites) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Cyrtopera zollingeri; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as E macrorhiza; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as E macrorhiza drawing ok?; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 as E macrorhiza var papuana drawing good; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1979; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1979 as E emilianae drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Quisumbing 1981 as E macrorhiza drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 drawing good; Orchids of Arunchal Pradesh Hegde 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Nagaland Deorani & Naithani 1995 as E sanguinea; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Malesian Orchid J. 7: 58 O'Byrne 2011 as E zollingerioides photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan an Illustrated Guide Lin & Wang 2014 as E taiwanensis photos fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide