!Gennaria diphylla (Link) Parl. 1958 Photo courtesy Flora Canaria Website and P. Schönfelder

LATE EARLY

Common Name The Two-Leafed Gennaria

Flower Size .2" [3 to 4 mm]

Found in southern Spain, Portugal, the Balaeric Islands, Sardinia, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Madiera and the Canary Islands in moderate shade on acidic to slightly alkaline soils in rock fissures, laurel forests and pinewoods at elevations up to 1000 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to warm growing terrestrial orchid with oblong tubers giving rise to a stem with 2 apical, narrowly ovate, acute leaves that blooms in the late winter and early spring on a terminal, 4" [109 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Coeloglossum cordatum (Willd.) Nyman 1855; Coeloglossum diphyllum (Link) Fiori & Paol.1896; Digomphotis cordata (Willd.) Raf. 1837; Gymnadenia diphylla (Link) Link 1829; Habenaria cordata (Willd.) R.Br. 1810; Habenaria diphylla (Link) T.Durand & Schinz 1894; Herminium cordatum (Willd.) Lindl. 1832; Orchis cordata Willd. 1805; Orchis cordifolia Munby 1855; Orchis diphylla (Link) Samp. 1913; Peristylus cordatus (Willd.) Lindl. 1835; Platanthera diphylla (Link) Rchb.f. 1851; *Satyrium diphyllum Link 1799

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Platanthera siphylla; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Platanthera diphylla; Die Orchideen #4 13-16 tafel 5 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide; The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1985; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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