!Gongora quinquenervis Ruiz and Pavon 1798SECTION Gongora Photo by Martin Battiti and The Orchidstudium Website

Alba form Photo by Carlos Keller and Nossa Orquideas Website

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Common Name The Five-Lined Gongora

Flower Size to about 2" [5 cm]

Flying dragons, with a sweet scent, easy to grow in a teak basket. From Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana and Trinidad as a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte in humid forests up to 1400 meters in elevation with ovoid-oblong to conical, deeply grooved and ridged pseudobulbs carrying 3, apical, lanceolate, ligulate or elliptic obovate, acute, plicate, suberect, shortly petiolate leaves with undulate margins that blooms in late spring till fall on a 2' [60 cm] long, pendulous, usually dark red, loosely many flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant cinnamon, clove to lily of the valley scented , inverted flowers.

Synonyms Cirrhaea atropurpurea Hoffmanns 1844; Gongora atropurpurea Hooker 1827; Gongora boothiana hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora fulva var. vitellina Lindl. 1841; Gongora galeottiana A.Rich. 1845; Gongora heisteri Hort. ex Rchb.f 1858; Gongora jenischii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora leucochila Lem. 1845; Gongora luteola Stein 1892; Gongora nigrita Lindley 1839; Gongora odoratissima Lem. 1847; Gongora quadricornis hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora retrorsa Rchb.f 1854; Gongora shepherdii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora vitellina hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as G retrorsa drawing; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1927; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959; Orchid Digest Vol 24 #7 1960 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 2/3 1977/8 photo plant only; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 748 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 5 1991; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 10 1993 postage stamp fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 12 1995 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 60 No 1 1996 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999; Oasis Vol 1 No 3 2000 photo; Guia Ilustrada Para la Clasificacion del Genero Gongora Toulemonde 2001 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 3 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #2 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as G pleichroma photo not = G quinquenervis fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #9 2017 photo fide; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/photo fide