Goodyera viridiflora (Blume) Blume 1858 SECTION Otosepalum Photo courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Another flower as G. cordata

Plant and Flowers Photo By David Kuehn

Full shadeWarm to Cool Fall

Common Name The Heart-Shaped Goodyera - In China Lu Hua Ban Ye Lan - In Thailand Ueang din dok mon - The Green Flowered Rattlesnake Plantain

Flower Size 1/2" [1.6 cm

Found in Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, western Himalayas, Bhutan, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Bismark, New Guinea, Solomon Islands,New Caledonia, Samoa, Vanuatu, Yunnan China, Queensland Australia, Japan, Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands on steep rocky slopes and in deep forests at elevations of 400 to 2200 meters as a creeping, small sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with 5 to 6, ovate, shortly pointed, slightly heart-shaped basally into a slender petiolate base leaf that blooms in the fall on an erect, slender, 2 to 4" [5 to 10 cm] long, shortly pilose, 2 to 6 flowered, racemose inflorescence arising after the orchid has matured and has 1 to 2 sterile bracts.

Synonyms Epipactis brachiorhynchos (Schltr.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis cordata (Lindl.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis viridiflora (Blume) Ames 1908; Erythrodes viridiflora (Blume) Schltr. 1905; Eucosia carnea Blume 1825; Georchis cordata Lindl. 1840; Georchis viridiflora (Blume) F.Muell. 1872; Goodyera arfakensis J.J.Sm. 1913; Goodyera brachiorhynchos Schltr. 1905; Goodyera carnea (Blume) Schltr. 1906; Goodyera cordata G. Nicholson 1885; Goodyera finetiana Kraenzl. 1928; Goodyera glauca Kranzl. 1929; Goodyera longirostrata Hayata 1914; Goodyera ogatae Yamam. 1927; Goodyera rosans J.J.Sm. 1927; Goodyera schlechtendaliana var. ogatai (Yamam.) M.Hiroe 1971; Goodyera subuniflora Ohwi 1937; Goodyera viridiflora var. ogatai (Yamam.) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978; *Neottia viridiflora Blume 1825; Orchiodes cordatum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes viridiflorum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Peramium longirostratum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Peramium ogatai (Yamam.) Makino 1929; Physurus viridiflorus (Blume) Lindl. 1857

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1894 as G cordata drawing hmm; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as G cordata drawing fideDie Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Eucosia carneadrawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as G brachiorrhynchos drawing good; Flora of Malaya Holttum as G cordata 1957; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 as G cordata; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide for the second photo; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Indian Orchids a Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 as Goodyera cordata; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995 photo ok; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photo capsule only ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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