Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. 1813

Plant and Flowers Photo by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website

Inflorescence

Plant Photo courtesy of Zachary Bradford

Part shadeCold Springand EARLY fall

Common Name The Hairy Goodyera - in USA - The Downy Rattlesnake Plantain

Flower Size 1/4" [2 mm]

This small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid occurs in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Maine, New hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Conneticutt, Massechutsetts, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Arkansas , Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennesea, Virginia, Maryland, Washington DC and Florida in montane forests with 3 to 8, oblong-elliptic, bluish green with white reticulated leaves held in a basal rosette blooming in the spring through early fall on an erect, terminal, few bracted, densely many flowered, cylindrical inflorescence.

The leaves of this species have been used to treat scrofula by our native Americans.

Synonyms Epipactis pubescens (Willd.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis willdenovii House 1910; Goodyera pubescens var. minor Sims 1825; *Neottia pubescens Willd. 1805; Neottia repens Pursh 1813; Orchiodes pubescens (Willd.) Kuntze 1891; Peramium pubescens (Willd.) Curtiss ex Small & Vail 1893; Peramium tesselatum A.Heller 1900; Satyrium repens Michx. 1803; Tussaca reticulata Raf. 1814

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 erroneous; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 11 1979 photo; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams 1983; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 2 1987 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 6 1997 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo; Wild Orchids of the SE USA PM Brown 2004; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 4 2005 photo plant only; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008

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