!Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813 SECTION Goodyera

Plant Photos courtesy of Yuri Mitrofanov

Inflorescence

Flower Closeup Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Full shadeColdLATE Spring and EARLY Summer

Common Name Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain - In China Xiao Ban Ye Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [.625 cm]

Found in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, Belaruss, western Russia, central Russia, Western Siberia, eastern Siberia, Kazakastan, Kirgistan, Mongolia, Turkey, Iran, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, western Himalayas, Pakistan, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Alaska, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Br Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchuan, Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconson, Michigan, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusets, Conecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennesee and Virginia at elevations up to 2000 [3800] meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid of coniferous forests in damp humus, tundra, wooded areas and thickets with a creeping rhizome, elliptic-ovate, lusterous dark green, obscurely veined with silver leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, pubescent, 3 to 14" [7.5 to 35 cm] long, few to several flowered racemose inflorescence with small pubescent flowers occuring in the late spring and early summer.

Synonyms Elasmatium repens Dulac 1867; Epipactis chinensis (Schltr.) Hu 1925; Epipactis mairei (Schltr.) Hu 1925; Epipactis repens (Linne) Crantz 1769; Epipactis repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.A.Eaton 1908; Gonogona repens (L.) Link 1822; Goodyera chinensis Schltr.1919; Goodyera mairei Schltr. 1921; Goodyera marginata Lindl. 1840; Goodyera pubescens var. repens (L.) Alph.Wood 1847; Goodyera repens f. ophioides (Fernald) P.M.Br. 1995; Goodyera repens subsp. ophioides (Fernald) Á.Löve & W.Simon 1968; Goodyera repens var. japonica Nakai 1953; Goodyera repens var. marginata (Lindl.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald 1899; Neottia repens (L.) Sw. 1800; Orchiodes marginatum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes repens (L.) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes resupinatum Kuntze 1891; Orchis repens (L.) Eyster ex Poir. 1805; Peramium repens Salisb. 1812; Peramium ophioides Rydb. in N.L.Britton 1901; Peramium repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.Heller 1900; Peramium secundum (Raf.) House 1924; Satyrium hirsutum Gilib. 1792; *Satyrium repens Linne 1753; Serapias repens (L.) Vill. 1787; Tussaca repens (L.) Raf. 1814; Tussaca secunda Raf. 1814

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Orchideologiae Sino-Japonicae Prodromus Schlechter 1919 as G chinense; Orchideologiae Sino-Japonicae Prodromus Schlechter 1919; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1927; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1959 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as G repens var ophiodesi; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Vol 2 Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Orchids of north West Himalayas Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014 photo plant only fide; Terrestrial Orchids Swami 2016 photo fide;

Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald 1899 Photo courtesy of Brandon Gallagher Watson

A Variety of the previous species.

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