Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl. 1839 SECTION Otosepalum

Plant

Inflorescence Photos courtesy of © Jaap Vermeulen, Dr. E.F. de Vogel, and André Schuiteman and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Full shade Hot Cool LATEFallEARLY Winter

Common Name or Meaning The Reddish Goodyera - in Australia - The Giant Jewel Orchid - In China Hong Hua Ban Ye Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [1.6 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, The Philippines, Sulawesi, Bismark, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Queensland Australia, Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga and Vanuatu in moist hill and lower montane forests in shady locations and in leaf litter among limestone boulders at elevations of 100 to 1500 meters as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with an erect, 20" to 26" [50 to 65 cm] long, lower third leafy stems carrying 10 or more, light green, ovate, undulate margins, acuminate, acute, basally broadening and clasping the stem leaves that blooms in the late fall and early winter on an erect, 16" [40 cm] long, red pubescent, to 30 flowered, inflorescence with six well spaced, red pubescent bracts and long triangular, red pubescent, acute floral bracts and carrying flowers with reddish brown pubescent on the dorsal parts

Synonyms Epipactis grandis A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis ochroleuca (F.M.Bailey) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis papuana (Ridl.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis rubicunda (Blume) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis triandra (Schltr.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Georchis rubicunda (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857; Goodyera anomala Schltr. 1910; Goodyera celebica Blume 1858; Goodyera clavata N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001; Goodyera confundens J.J.Sm. 1915; Goodyera cyrtoglossa Hayata 1914; Goodyera grandis (Blume) Blume 1858; Goodyera grandis King & Pantl.1898; Goodyera hispidula R.S.Rogers & C.T.White 1920; Goodyera longibracteata Hayata 1914; Goodyera longicolumna Hayata 1916; Goodyera ochroleuca F.M.Bailey 1901; Goodyera papuana Ridl. 1886; Goodyera rubens Blume 1858; Goodyera rubicunda var. amboinensis J.J.Sm. 1917; Goodyera rubicunda var. celebica (Blume) Schltr. 1911; Goodyera rubicunda var. triandra (Schltr.) N.Hallé 1977; Goodyera triandra Schltr. 1906; Goodyera yaeyamae Ohwi 1937; Neottia grandis Blume 1825; *Neottia rubicunda Blume 1825; Orchiodes celebicum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes grande (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes rubicundum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Peramium cyrtoglossum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Peramium longibracteatum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Peramium longicolumnum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Rhamphidia rubicunda (Blume) F.Muell. 1869; Salacistis ochroleuca (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2004; Spiranthes grandis (Blume) Hassk. 1844

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Georchis rubicunda; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling as G grandis 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as G papuana drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as G grandis drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as N grandis; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 as G grandis photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as G clavata; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Salacistis ochroleuca photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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