Govenia utriculata (Sw.) Lindl. 1839 Photo by Amerigo Docha Neto

Inflorescence Photo by Jose David Lacruz

to

Common Name Gowen's Orchid - Small-Hosed Govenia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.7cm]

A medium sized, warm to cold growing, epiphytic or terrestrial, deciduous leafed species with tuberous, pseudobulbous growths that are enveloped by several inflated sheaths and carrying 2, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, acute to obtuse leaves and is found from Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Mexico Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Galapagos, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina in moist limestone forests at elevations of 200 to 2800 meters that blooms in the spring or fall on an erect, terminal, to 3 1/2' [105 cm] long, multi-flowered, bracteate, cylindric, racemose inflorescence, arising with a new growth, that has fragrant flowers which open in sucession.

Synonyms Cymbidium utriculatum [Sw.] Sw. 1799; Epidendrum utriculatum Poir. 1810; Govenia andrieuxii Rchb.f. 1852; Govenia boliviensis Rolfe 1895; Govenia capitata Lindl. 1835; Govenia ernstii Schltr. 1919; Govenia gardneri Hook. 1839; Govenia liliacea (Lex.) Lindl. 1839; Govenia powellii Schltr. 1921; Govenia sodiroi Schltr.1922; Govenia utriculata var. capitata (Lindl.) Correll 1947; *Limodorum utriculatum Sw. 1788;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as G gardneri; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing hmm; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten I Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as G ernstii; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as G sodiroi; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 51. Panama Schlechter 1922 as G powellii; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as G gardneri drawing good; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as G superba drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing good; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as G capitata drawing ok; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as G superba drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 110 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 754 Dodson 1982 as Govenia capitata drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 photo; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as G capitata drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing ok; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photos not; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as G capitata; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as G ernestii drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 as G sodiroi fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 as G platyglossa fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as G ernstii photo fide; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 as G gardnerii photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005;

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