Gymnadenia nigra (L.) Rchb.f 1856 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

LATERand EARLY

Common Name The Black Gymnadenia

Flower Size 3/4" [2.2 cm]

Found in Norway, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Romania, Albania and Yugoslavia as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with 7 to 11, basal, spreading to erect, dark green above, pale green below, linear, acute, finely serrated margin leaves and with the upper 2 to 3, cauline, bract-like sometimes edged red leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on a robust, erect inflorescence holding the flowers in an apical, hemispherical cluster with the strongly vanilla or spicy scented flowers opening in succession.

Synonyms Habenaria nigra (L.) R.Br.1813; Nigritella angustifolia Rich. 1817; Nigritella nigra (L.) Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis nigra (L.) Scop. 1772; Orchis variegata Schrank 1789; *Satyrium nigrum L.1753; Sieberia nigra (L.) Spreng. 1817

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Nigritella nigra; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Nigritella nigra var rubra; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Nigritella angustifolia drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Nigritella nigra; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as Nigritella nigra photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 5 1983 as Nigritella nigra photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #7 1985 as Nigritella nigra photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #7 1985 as Nigritella nigra var fulva photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #7 1985 as Nigritella nigra var corneliana photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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