Gymnadenia orchidis Lindl. 1835 Photo by Suresh Kumar Ghimire and The Himalayan Biodiversity and Landscape website

Inflorescence Photo by The Flowers of India website

Drawing Drawing by R Pantling and Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

FragrancePart sunCold Summer

Common Name The Orchid Gymnadenia - In China Xi Nan Shou Shen

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Pakistan, western Himalayas, China, eastern Himalayas and Nepal in forests, thickets, alpine meadows or grassy slopes at elevations of 2400 to 4400 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with irregularly, digitate-lobed in the lower half tuber giving rise to an elongate, glabrous, usually rather stout stem carrying 3 to 5, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, herbaceous, sheathing base leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, racemose, densely many flowered inflorescence and carrying fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Gymnadenia conopsea var. yunnanensis Schltr. 1919; Gymnadenia cylindrostachya Lindl. 1835; Gymnadenia delavayi Schltr. 1919; Gymnadenia habenarioides (King & Pantl.) Verm. 1972; Gymnadenia himalayica Schltr. 1919; Gymnadenia orchidis var. pantlingii Renz 2001; Gymnadenia souliei Schltr. 1919; Gymnadenia violacea Lindl. 1835; Habenaria microgymnadenia Kraenzl.1905; Habenaria orchidis (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Habenaria stoliczkae Kraenzl. 1893; Orchis cylindrostachya (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1908; Orchis habenarioides King & Pantl. 1898; Peristylus orchidis (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1898; Platanthera orchidis Lindl. ex Wall. 1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Orchis habenarioides drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Orchis habenarioides; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as G delavayi; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as G himalaica; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 as Orchis habenarioides drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photo hmm