Habenaria clavata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865 SECTION Ceratopetalae Kranzl 1892

Side View of Flower Photos courtesy of © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers in situ Photos courtesy of © Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Fragrance Partial shade Cool LATESpring Summer

Common Name The Club-Shaped Habenaria

Flower Size to 1" [to 2.5 cm

Found in Nigeria, Burundi, Cameroon, Zaire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanazania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe Lesotho, Swaziland, Cape Province, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal South Africa in swampy grasslands, along streams and sometimes in dry forests at elevations of 1200 to 2300 meters as a small to large sized, cool growing terrestrial with ellipsoid to elongate-ovoid, more or less tomentose tubers giving rise to an erect, rather stout, leafy throughout stem carrying 7 to 13, spreading, ovate to narrowly lanceolate leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on a terminal, erect, 1.6 to 8" [4 to 20 cm] long, laxly, 5 to 20 flowered inflorescence with short bracts and carrying nocturnally fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Bonatea clavata Lindl 1836; Ceratopetalorchis clavata (Lindl.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing ok; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 photo fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Ceratopetalorchis clavata drawing fide

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