Habenaria repens Nutt. 1818 SECTION Leptoceras Photo courtesy of John Mason


Plant ensitu in Louisiana Photos courtesy of Val Keller

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Common Name The Crawling Habenaria - Water-Spider Orchid

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found from North Carolina to Florida and west to Arkansas and Texas and then south through Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guyana, Surinam, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina as well as Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago at elevations of 25 to 3000 meters as a small to large sized, hot to cold growing terrestrial in standing water as an aquatic orchid in bogs, roadside ditches and canals or as a terrestrial in marshy areas and is the most wideranging Habenaria in the US. It has fig shaped tubers and hairy roots with an erect stem carrying several, linear-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, basally clasping leaves that are reduced to bracts towards the apex of the stem. This orchid can flower at any time of the year and occurs on a erect, densely flowered, terminal raceme with several to many [10 to 50] flowers

Synonyms Habenaria maxillaris Lindl. 1834; Habenaria nuttallii Small 1903; Habenaria palustris Acuña 1939; Habenaria pseudorepens Schltr. 1913; Habenaria radicans Griseb. 1866; Habenaria repens var. maxillaris (Lindl.) Garay 1978; Habenaria tricuspis A. Rich. 1850; Mesicera repens (Nutt.) Raf. 1836; Orchis repens (Nutt.) Raf. 1818; Platanthera foliosa Brongn. 1829; Platanthera repens (Nutt.) A.W. Wood 1861

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H taubertiana drawing ok; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1878; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H araniferadrawing ok; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing ok/photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 as H repens var maxillaris; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 113 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 770 Dodson 1982 drawing ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide;; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 12 1998 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 4 2000 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 Photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo;