Habenaria epipactidea Rchb.f. 1867 SECTION Commelynifoliae Kraenzl. 1892

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Inflorescence

Plant and Flowers in situ Cape Province South Africa Photos by Cameron McMasters

Fragrance Full shade Warm Cool Spring

Common Name The Epipactis-Like Habenaria

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Cape Province and Transvaal South Africa in short grasslands at 900 to 1150 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with suberect, lanceolate, broadly lanceolate to oblong, rounded to acute leaves that are gradually getting smaller ascending, and blooms in the spring on a terminal, bracteate, 2.4 to 6.4" [6 to 16 cm] long, dense, many flowered inflorescence with rather thick, nocturnally sweetly scented, flowers

The Zulus use the roots of this species and Ansella africana to make a tea that functions as an emetic.

Synonyms Bonatea foliosa (Sw.) Lindl 1835; Habenaria foliosa (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1865; Habenaria hircina Rchb.f. 1867; Habenaria perfoliata Kraenzl. 1902; Habenaria polyphylla Kraenzl. 1893; Habenaria rautanenii Kraenzl. 1904; Habenaria schinzii Rolfe 1898; Habenaria trachychila Kraenzl. 1904; Habenella epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2006; Orchis foliosa Sw. 1800; Platantheroides epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach. 2004; Platycoryne rautanenii (Kraenzl.) Szlach. & Olszewski 1998; Platycorynoides epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach. 2005; Platycorynoides hircina (Rchb.f.) Szlach. 2005; Platycorynoides rautanenii (Kraenzl.) Szlach. 2005

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 as H foliosa; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as H foliosa; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Platycorynoides hircina drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Platycorynoides epipactidea drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Platycorynoides rautanenii drawing fide

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