Habenaria filicornis Lindl. 1835 SECTION Chlorinae Kraenzl. 1892

Plant In Situ Zimbabwe Photos by Bart Wursten , and his Flora Of Zimbabwe WebSite

Partial Shade Cool ColdLATESpringSummer

Common Name The Thread Shaped Flower Spur Habenaria

Flower Size 1.5" [3.75 cm]

Found in Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Burundi, Cameroon, Rwanda, Zaire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malami, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, and Natal and Transvaal States of South Africa in grassland, both in drier parts of bog and on shallow gravely soil at elevations of 1000 to 2300 meters as a small to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with nearly erect to recurved, lanceolate to elliptical-lanceolate, acute leaves scattered along the slender, erect stem and blooms in the late spring and summer on a terminal erect, up to 8" [20 cm] long, laxly few to many [12 to 25] flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Habenaria chlorotica Rchb.f. 1865; Habenaria deflexa Hochst. ex Kraenzl. 1892; Habenaria erythraeae Rolfe 1898; Habenaria filicornis var. chlorotica (Rchb.f.) Geerinck 1982; Habenaria moratii Szlach. & Olszewski 1998; Habenaria natalensis Rchb.f. 1881; Habenaria pertenuis Kraenzl. 1929; Habenaria spiranthes Rchb.f. 1865; Habenaria tridactyla A.Rich. 1847; Habenaria wilmsiana Kraenzl. 1898; Orchis filicornis Thonn.1827

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as H spiranthes; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as H chlorotica; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as H chlorotica drawing hmm; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing hmm; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 as H chlorotica photo fide; Flora Of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968 as Habenaria chlorotica and Habenaria filiconis; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996 as H chlorotica Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as H chlorotica drawing fide