Habenaria humilior Rchb.f. 1881 SECTION Replicatae Kraenzl.

Side View of Flower

Inflorescence Photos by © Lourens Grobler

Full shade Cool Cold Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The Very Modest Habenaria

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in the Congo, Zaire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Transvaal South Africa in short grasslands on poor soils at elevations of 1200 to 2400 meters over rocks as a small to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with globose, ellipisoid to ovoid tubers giving rise to an erect, rather stout, leafy throughout stem carrying 7 to 13, the lowermost 2 as sheaths, the middle 4 to 7 suberect to spreading, lanceolate to linear, acute leaves and the uppermost few are adpressed to the stem as leaf-like bracts and blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a 2 to 10 " [5 to 25 cm] long, laxly to densely 6 to many flowered, racemose infloresence

Synonyms Bilabrella hochstetteriana (Kraenzl. & Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras. 2009; Bilabrella humilior (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap.2003; Bilabrella pseudokaessneriana Szlach. & Kras 2009; Bilabrella tetrapetaloides (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006; Ceratopetalorchis kassneriana (Kraenzl.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003; Habenaria culiciflora Rendle 1895; Habenaria hochstetteriana Kraenzl. 1893; Habenaria kassneriana Kraenzl. 1929; Habenaria rehmannii Bolus 1889; Habenaria replicata Hochst. ex A.Rich.1850; Habenaria tetrapetaloides Schltr. 1895

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910 as H replicata; ; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo hmm; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing fide; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as H kassneriana drawing not!!!; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 as H rehmannii; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Bilabrella humilior drawing fide

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