Platanthera leucophaea [Nutth.] Lindley 1835

Photo by Carl Luer Inflorescence

Photo by Marcia Whitmore


Common Name The White Brown Red Platanthera - In USA Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in the central portion of the USA and Canada as a medium to large sized, cold growing, terrestrial orchid found in damp meadows, lake margins and sphagnum bogs with 2 to 5, elliptic to lanceolate, green, keeled, basally clasping leaves grading above into bracts that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, terminal, 1 to 3' [30 to 90 cm] long, several flowered, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, much longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying successively opening, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Blephariglottis leucophaea (Nutt.) Rydb. 1901; Fimbriella leucophaea (Nutt.) Butzin 1981; Habenaria leucophaea (Nutt.) A. Gray 1867; *Orchis leucophaea Nutt. 1837;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910 as Habenaria leucophaea; Native Orchids of North America Correll 1950 as Habenaria leucophea drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 6 1962 as Habenaria leucophaea photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 5 1984 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 #3 1997 photo fide photo Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 1 1999 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as Fimbriella leucophaea drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 #1 2008 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #2 2020 stamp fide