Habenaria longicauda Hook.1830 SECTION Macroceratitis Kraenzl.Photo by © Marga Werkhoven

  • Drawing Drawing by © Hoehne

    Another Drawing Drawing by © Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti and the The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon

    LATE EARLY

    Common Name The Long-Tailed Habenaria

    Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

    Found in Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam and Brazil in palm swamps and edges of rivers and ponds at elevations of 50 to 1200 meters as a medium sized, sub-aquatic, hot to cool growing terrestrial with to 8, clear green, distichous leaves grading into bracts above that blooms in the late fall and early winter on an erect, terminal, 2 to 16 flowered inflorescence with lanceoalte to oblong-lanceolateacute longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying .

    +"Habenaria longicauda is characterized by the long spur (13-20 cm) and long stigmas (6-7 mm) with involute margins. It is similar to H. nabucoi, but distinct by the lateral sepals reflexed (vs. not reflexed in H. nabucoi), flowers light green (vs. pure white in H. nabucoi), the midlobe of rostellum completely enclosed between the anthers (vs. partially exposed) and the spur acuminate, with an acute apex (vs. thickened and rounded). The species is typically aquatic, and occurs in water at the margins of lakes, streams and rivers. For more information about the species taxonomy and distribution see Batista et al. (2006)."

    The subspecies H longicuda ssp ecalcarata is basically the same as the type but lacks a spur.

    Synonyms Habenaria longicauda subsp. ecalcarata Snuv. & Westra 1981; Kusibabella longicauda (Hook.) Szlach. 2004; Kusibabella longicauda var. ecalcarata (Snuv. & Westra) Szlach. 2012; Nemuranthes longicauda (Hook.) Raf. 1837

    References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing ok; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 drawing The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as H longicauda ssp ecalacarata; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Inventaire Taxonomique des Plantas de la Guyane Francaise II Les Orquidacees Cremers & Hoff 1992; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; +The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti; Rev. bras. Bot. vol.31 no.1 Sćo Paulo Jan./Mar. 2008 drawing; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranov 2012 as Kusibabella longicauda drawing fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranov 2012 as Kusibabella longicauda var ecalcarata; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 as Kusibabella longicauda drawing/photo fide; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 as Kusibabella longicauda var ecalcarata

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