Habenaria marginata Colebr. 1824 SECTION Macroceratitis Kraenzl Photo by Pravin Kawale and The Flowers of India Website

Plant and Flowers in situ India Photos by Jany Renz and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Full shade Hot Cool Summer

Common Name The Golden Yellow Habenaria - In China Dian Nan Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found as a small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial in China, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar and Thailand in deciduous forests, grasslands and at forest margins at elevations of 100 to 1200 meters with small cylindric tubers giving rise to a reduced and sub-scapigerous stem carrying a few sub-radical, sessile, oblong to linear-oblong, yellow margined leaves grading above into 2 to 5, lanceolate, acuminate sterile bracts that blooms in the summer on a 4 to 10" [10 to 25 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with many erect, ovate-lanceolate, acute, as long as the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Habenaria aurantiaca Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Habenaria flavescens Hook.f. 1890; Habenaria fusifera Hook.f. 1890; Habenaria marginata var. flavescens (Hook.f.) T.Cooke 1907; Habenaria promensis Lindl. 1835; Orchis clavata B.Heyne ex Hook.f. 1890; Platanthera marginata (Colebr.) Lindl. 1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934 as Habenaria aurantiaca; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as H aurantiaca fig 19 ok [leaves wrong]; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 Drawing good; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 as H marginata var fusifera; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as H aurantiaca; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing ok; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchioideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide

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