Habenaria marginata Colebr. 1824 SECTION Macroceratitis Kraenzl

Photo by Pravin Kawale and The Flowers of India Website

Yellow flower Variety

Photo by Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi and AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE ORCHIDS OF WESTERN HIMALAYA, INDIA LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. 2015

Full shade Hot Cool Summer

Common Name The Golden Yellow Habenaria - In China Dian Nan Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in China, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar and Thailand in deciduous forests, grasslands and at forest margins at elevations of 100 to 1200 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with small cylindric tubers giving rise to a reduced and sub-scapigerous stem carrying a few sub-radical, sessile, oblong to linear-oblong, yellow margined leaves grading above into 2 to 5, lanceolate, acuminate sterile bracts that blooms in the summer on a 4 to 10" [10 to 25 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with many erect, ovate-lanceolate, acute, as long as the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Habenaria aurantiaca Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Habenaria flavescens Hook.f. 1890; Habenaria fusifera Hook.f. 1890; Habenaria marginata var. flavescens (Hook.f.) T.Cooke 1907; Habenaria promensis Lindl. 1835; Orchis clavata B.Heyne ex Hook.f. 1890; Platanthera marginata (Colebr.) Lindl. 1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934 as Habenaria aurantiaca; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as H aurantiaca fig 19 fide; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 Drawing good; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 as H marginata var fusifera; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as H aurantiaca; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing ok; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------