Habenaria monorrhiza [Sw] Rchb.f 1885 SECTION Leptoceras

Inflorescence, in situ Navarco Quindio Colombia 1500 meters 5/08

Inflorescence and flowers in situ MonteVerde National Park Panama Caribbean side 10/11

Flower Closeup in situ MonteVerde National Park Panama Caribbean side 10/11 Photos by Jay Pfahl

Plant and Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Belize Botanic Gardens and their Belize Botanic Garden Webpage

to and

Common Name The Single-Rhizome Habenaria

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

A small to large sized, warm to cold growing, erect terrestrial from Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago and the Windward Islands that is found at altitudes of 5 to 2800 meters as a small to large sized common terrestrial in low weedy ground, wet areas along roadside ditches, wet meadows, road cuts, and thickets on wooded hillsides as well as damp, exposed steep slopes with a suterranean hairy tuber, an erect stem enveloped completely by purple-spotted grey green sheaths giving rise to ovate-lanceolate, thin, basally clasping leaves that are grayish underneath that blooms on a terminal, 8" [20 cm] long, laxly to densly many flowered, racemose inflorescence that has lanceolate, keeled floral bracts occuring in the fall and winter with nocturnally fragrant flowers.

Habenaria monnorhiza flowers begin to rot quickly although the flower still seens viable, I have not seen one in better shape in nature. Both plants, one in Colombia and the other in Panama were photographed in the late afternoon, maybe I need to get up earlier.

Synonyms Habenaria brachyceratitis Willd. 1805; Habenaria latifolia Kunth 1816; Habenaria maculosa Lindley 1835; Habenaria sceptrodes Rchb.f. 1856; Habenaria sodiroi Schltr. 1915; Habenaria speciosa Poepp. & Endl. 1836; Limnorchis laxiflora Rydb. 1901; Orchis fuciflora Crantz 1769; *Orchis monorrhiza Sw. 1788; Orchis setacea Jacq. 1760; Platanthera monorrhiza (Sw.) W.J.Schrenk 1977

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853/4 as H triptera; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853/4 as H maculosa; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as H maculosa; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as H sceptrodes; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as H maculosa; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 78. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 160. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:151 Schlechter 1924; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing ok; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as H speciosa drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 111 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 766 Dodson 1982 drawaing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 drawing; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0236 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 as H speciosa drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 as H speciosa photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1437 Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1437a Atwood 1993 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 258 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 as H sp photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------