Habenaria spathulifera Cogn. 1893 SECTION Pratensis Drawing by © Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti and the The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon

Common Name The Spatula Carrying Habenaria

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Venezuela, French Guiana, Surinam and Brazil as a small to medium sized terrestrial with an erect stem enveloped by 1 to 3 tight sheaths and linear, acuminate, dorsally carinate, basally clasping leaves that blooms on an erect, 2 to 2.4" [5 to 6 cm] long, 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, long-acuminate, three nerved, cucullate floral bracts.

+"This species has been considered a subspecific taxon of H. pratensis. However the differences between H. pratensis var. parviflora and H. pratensis are greater than the differences between H. pratensis and H. glazioviana, which are considered distinct species. Thus, as a matter of coherence, H. pratensis var. parviflora should also deserve a specific status. An alternative to reduce H. glazioviana to a subespecific taxon of H. pratensis would require a new combination that we prefer to avoid until a more detailed analysis of the three taxa is undertaken. Analysis of the literature revealed that the earlier available name for this taxon is H. spathulifera. Diagnostic characters of H. spathulifera are the short pedicellate ovary (1.6-2.5 cm long) and bright yellow flowers, while H. pratensis and H. glazioviana have long pedicellate ovaries (3-4.7 cm long) and larger, pale yellow flowers. Sepals of H. spathulifera are green and the petal and lip bright yellow. The species is typical of seasonally humid places"

Synonyms Habenaria georgii Schltr. 1925; Habenaria mattogrossensis Kraenzl. 1911; Habenaria pratensis var. parviflora Cogn. 1893; Habenaria spathuliglossa Kraenzl. ex Hoehne 1940; Rhinorchis mattogrossensis (Kraenzl.) Szlach. 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H mattogrossensis drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H pratensis var parviflora; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing as H. macilenta; +The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti; Rev. bras. Bot. vol.31 no.1 Sćo Paulo Jan./Mar. 2008 drawing

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