Habenaria trifida Kunth 1816 SECTION Pentadactylae Urban

Another View

Side View of Flower

Plant and Flowers in situ Bahia Brazil Photos by A. V. Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil. and His 'Orchids of the Restinga area of Bahia, Brazil', Website

What was H flexa and H kuhlmannii

What was H pauciflora

What was H biflora and H allemanii

What was H duckeana

What was H setifera and H pickellii

What was H gehrtii

What was H angustifolia Drawings by Hoehne and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part shade Warm Cool Summer Fall

Common Name The Three Pointed Habenaria

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago, Fr Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina in mangrove swamps, grassy areas and in lowland savannas at elevations of 800 to 1625 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with an erect stem completely enveloped by leaf bearing sheaths carrying 4 to 8, narrow, acuminate, erect to patent, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a terminal, few [1 to 3] flowered inflorescence.

A variable species in both plant and flower structure so I have put forward some drawings of some of the species that are considered to be synonyms of this species.

Synonyms Bonatea pauciflora Lindl. 1835; Habenaria allemanii Barb.Rodr. 1881; Habenaria angustifolia Kunth 1816; Habenaria caracasana Schltr 1919; Habenaria curti-bradei Hoehne 1937; Habenaria dentirostris Pabst 1955; Habenaria duckeana Schltr. 1925; Habenaria endresiana Schltr. 1923; Habenaria flexa Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl. 1893; Habenaria flexa var. rodriguesii Cogn. 1893; Habenaria flexuosa Rchb.f. 1965; Habenaria gehrtii Hoehne & Schltr. 1921; Habenaria hoehnei Schltr. 1921; Habenaria kuhlmannii Schltr. 1925; Habenaria pauciflora (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1854; Habenaria pickelii Hoehne 1937; Habenaria setifera Lindl. 1839; Habenaria spathacea A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Orchis longicornu Salzm. ex Lindl 1835; Rhinorchis kuhlmannii (Schltr.) Szlach. 2012; Rhinorchis pauciflora (Lindl.) Szlach 2012; Rhinorchis pickelii (Hoehne) Szlach. 2012; Rhinorchis trifida (Kunth) Szlach. 2012;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853/4 as H spathacea; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as H setifera; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910 as H setifera drawing good; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten I Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as H caracasana; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 38 Colombia Schlechter 1920 as H setifera; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 38 Colombia Schlechter 1920; Repert. Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis Band VIII Peru Schlechter 1921 as H setifera; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 272. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as H endresiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H curti-bradei drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H flexa drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H kuhlmannii drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H pauciflora drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H allemanii drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H duckeana drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H setifera drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H pickelii drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H gehrtii drawing ok; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as H pauciflora; Orchids of Guatemala Ames & Correl 1952 as H pauciflora; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958 as H pauciflora; Drawings of Florida Orchids Blanche Ames 1959 as H setitifera dawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as H pauciflora; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats 1969 as H angustifolia; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats 1969 as H pauciflora Rchb.f drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Parte 1 Lasser/Foldats 1969; Fieldiana, Orchids of Peru 1st Supplement to Schweinfurth 1970; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 as H allemanii drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 as H biflora; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 as H curtiibradei drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 as H kuhlmannii drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 as H pickelii drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 as H biflora drawing fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 771 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Orchids of Guatemala and Beliz Ames & Correll 1985; Flora Novo Galaciana McVaugh 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Native Orchids of the Eastern Caribbean Kenny 1988 as H pauciflora photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Inventaire Taxonomique des Plantas de la Guyane Francaise II Les Orquidacees Cremers & Hoff 1992; Field Guide to the Orchids of Panama and Costa Rica Dressler 1993; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Ecuadorian Native Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol III Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005; The Organ Mountain Range, its History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller & Seehawer 2008 drawing hmm/photo good; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranov 2012 as Rhinorchis pauciflora; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranov 2012 as Rhinorchis trifida drawing fide; Orquidees du Bresil As Orquideas sa Serra do Castelo Vol 1 Chiron & Bolsanello 2015 photo/drawing fide; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Drawing/photo fide; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 as Rhinorchis trifida drawing/photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------