!Hammarbya paludosa (Linne) Kuntze 1891 Photo courtesy of T. H. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe

Inflorescence Photo by David McAdoo

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Common Name Bog Orchid The Pallid Hammarbya

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Western Russia, Centrla Russia, Eastern Russia, westen Siberia, eastrern Siberia, Japan, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Br Colombia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchuan, Ontario and Minnesota as a mini-miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid in wet, acidic, sphagnum bogs at elevations up to 1100 meters with 2 to 3, partially concealed pseudobulbs giving rise to a greenish- yellow, hairless, 3 to 5 angled stem carrying 2 to 3, clasping, basal leaves sometimes with a row of tiny bulbils that blooms on a terminal, erect, 1 to 5" [2.5 to 12.5 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence with the non-resupinate flowers held in a cluster at the apex occuring in the later summer and early fall.

Synonyms Epipactis paludosa (L.) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Malaxis paludosa (Linne) Swartz 1800; *Ophrys paludosa Linne 1753; Orchis paludosa (L.) Pall. 1776; Sturmia paludosa (Linne) Rchb. 1829

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Malaxis paludosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 12 1984 photo as Malaxis paludosa; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 42 Liparinae 1984 photo ok; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Malaxis paludosa

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