Hemipilia calophylla E.C.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874 Photo by Tripetch

Plant and flowers in situ in Thailand Photo by Priwan Syisom Thai Forests Website

Common Name The Beautiful Leaved Hemipilia - In China Mei Ye She Hui Lan - In Thailand Nang ua lai, Ua bai diao

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Yunnan province of China, Vietnam, Myanmar and Thailand in crevasses of limestone cliffs in hill evergreen forests, seasonal evergreen forests and bamboo thickets at elevations of 640 to 1700 meters as a mini-miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with ovoid tubers giving rise to an erect, stem carrying 1 to 2; abaxially dark greenish purple, adaxially dark green, netted with purplish brown, suborbicular to ovate, cordate to rounded basally; acute apically leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an erect, 2 to 4.8" [5 to 9.5 cm] long, lax, more or less secund, 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence with 2 to 3, narrowly ovate, sterile bracts and ovate, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Galearis subrotunda (King & Pantl.) P.F.Hunt 1971; Hemipilia amethystina Rolfe ex Hook.f. 1897; Orchis subrotunda King & Pantl. 1897

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing good; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing fide