Scaphyglottis bidentata (Lindl.) Dressler 2002 Photo by the Orchid Pavilion © .

Specimen Plant Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl © .

Plant in situ Panama Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch

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Common Name Bidentate SCaphyglottis

Flower Size to 1" [2.2 cm]

Found from Costa Rica , Panama, Colombia Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil in low gallery forests at elevations below 1500 meters as a miniature sized, ho to cool growing epiphyte that has 3 to 4 segmented, with hairs at each segmental joint, narrowly elliptic pseudobulbs arising out of the apex of the bottom larger narrowly elliptcic pseudobulb and each segment has some root growth arising from the segmental joint and carrying 1 to 2, apical, linear, acute, basally clasping leaves. This species flowers through the summer and they occur on a short to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm] long, sheathed, racemose inflorescence with a few flowers arising from the apex of the uppermost pseudobulb segment.

The distinguishing characteristic between this species and Scaphyglottis imbricata is color on the lip. This species has a purple to maroon spot on the lip while S imbricata has a yellow area around the callus. The stigma is enclosed by column outgrowths in this species while in S. imbricata it is not.

Synonyms Hexisea bidentata Lindley 1834

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 26. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 112. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 203. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1959; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 778 Dodson 1982 drrawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 drawing; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Scaphyglottis bidentata; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as Scaphyglottis bidentata photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Scaphyglottis bidentata photo fide;

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