!Himantoglossum hircinum [L.]Sprengel 1826 Photo courtesy of Arthur Skinner

LATE to EARLY

Common Name The Lizard's Tongue Orchid

Flower Size to more than 2" [to more than 5 cm]

Found in Great Britain, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Spain, France, Corsica?, Sardnia?, Sicily, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czecloslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania and Iraq as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrial in calcareous soil up to 700 meters with 6 to 12, ovate to broadly lanceolate, acute, clear green leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, 4 to 12" [10 to 30 cm] long, cylyndrical, many [40 to 120] flowered, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate bracts occuring in late spring and early summer and has foul smelling flowers likened by some to the smell of goats.

Synonyms Aceras hircinum [L.]Lindley 1835; Aceras hircinum var. calamistratum GallÚ 1900; Aceras hircinum var. divergens GallÚ 1900; Aceras hircinum var. forcipula GallÚ 1900; Aceras hircinum var. thuringiacum M.Schulze 1889; Himantoglossum caprinum var. heldreichii Schltr. 1918; Himantoglossum hircinum f. acutum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. brevibracteatum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. brevilaciniatum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. calamistratum (GallÚ) Soˇ 1927; Himantoglossum hircinum f. coloriglossum Voelckel & Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. comosum Waisb. 1908; Himantoglossum hircinum f. divergens Soˇ 1927; Himantoglossum hircinum f. forcipula (GallÚ) Soˇ 1927; Himantoglossum hircinum f. latisectum Waisb. 1908; Himantoglossum hircinum f. laxiflorum W.Zimm. 1917; Himantoglossum hircinum f. longelaciniatum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. purpureum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum f. thuringiacum (M.Schulze) M.Schulze 1894; Himantoglossum hircinum lusus albidum W.Zimm. 1917;Himantoglossum hircinum lusus inodorum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum lusus viridans W.Zimm. 1917; Himantoglossum hircinum monstr. johannae Degen 1913; Himantoglossum hircinum var. altum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. bracteatum Schltr. 1927; Himantoglossum hircinum var. confusum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. heldreichii (Schltr.) Soˇ 1927; Himantoglossum hircinum var. hirsutum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. minusculum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. obtusum De Langhe 1973;Himantoglossum hircinum var. pendulum Kurt.Wagner 1988; Himantoglossum hircinum var. praealtum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. pullum Kurt.Wagner 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. pseudocaprinum J.J.Wood 1983; Himantoglossum hircinum var. viride Kurt.Wagner 1983; Loroglossum hircinum L.C.Rich 1818; Loroglossum hircinum f. divergens E.G.Camus 1908; Loroglossum hircinum f. forcipula (GallÚ) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis hircina [L.]Crantz 1769; *Satyrium hiricinum L. 1753

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Aceras hircinum drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969 photo; Die Orchideen #4 13-16 tafel 5 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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