Homalopetalum pumilio (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1923

Plant Photo Photos by Milan Vagner

NOCTURNAL to and

Common Name Dwarf Homalopetalum

Flower Size to almost 2" [to almost 6 cm]

This miniature sized, cool to warm growing, trailing, pendant, epiphytic or lithophytic species with tiny mule ear leaves is found from Mexico Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru on scrubby trees on larger branches and trunks or moss and lichen covered rocks in damp oak and pine forests with a dry season often in shade at elevetions of 500-2000 meters with ovate-eliptic pseudobulbs subtended by imbricate triangular sheaths and carrying a single subcoriaceous, ovate-lanceolate, carinate beneath leaf that is conduplicate at the base and blooms on a terminal, arcuate to pendant, short to 3" [2.5 to 7.7 cm], single flowered inflorescence arising on mature growths and occuring in the spring and summer and holding the nocturnally fragrant [herbal to watermelon] flowers just above leaf length. Cool, constant damp conditions will be needed and it is best mounted on a slab.

Synonyms Bletia pumilio Rchb.f 1862; *Brassavola pumilio Rchb.f 1844; Homalopetalum costaricensis Schltr. 1923; Homalopetalum lehmanniana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1923; Pinelia lehmanniana Kraenzl. 1899; Pinelia pumilio (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Pinelia tuerckheimii Krzl. 1930; Restrepia lehmanniana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1907; Sessilibulbum pumila (Ames) Brieger

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia pumilio; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 47. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as H costaricense; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 223. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as H costaricense; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchid Digest Vol 46 No 4 1982 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1983; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 926 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1022 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 as Pinelia lehmanniana; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1536 Atwood 1993 drwaing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 259 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photos fide; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1029 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide

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