Houlletia odoratissima Linden ex Lindl. & Paxton 1852-3 Photo courtesy of David Jubineau

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

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Common Name The Scented Houlletia

Flower Size to 3" [7.5cm]

Found from Panama, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil on shaded slopes in wet montane forests at elevations of 1000 to 1500 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to hot growing, unifoliate terrestrial with ovoid-pyriform, lightly compressed, acute angled edge pseudobulb that is almost enveloped by a basal sheath with a single, narrowly lanceolate, plicate, 7 ribbed leaf with a channeled petiole at the base that blooms on a robust, erect, basal, 1 1/2' [45 cm] long, dull purple mottled with green, racemose, several to many flowered inflorescence with a fractiflex rachis, arising on a mature pseudobulb, with 5 to 12, waxy, long-lasting, fragrant flowers occuring in the late summer and fall.

Synonyms Houllettia antioquiensis Hort. ex Bailey 1915; Houlettia boliviana Schlechter 1929; Houlettia buchtieni Kraenzl. 1928; Houlettia juruensis Hoenhe 1910; Houlettia odoratissima var antioquiensis Andre 1870; Houlettia odoratissima var xanthina Rchb.f 1884; Houlettia picta Linden & Rchb.f 1855

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as H picta; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as H juruenensis drawing good; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as H picta; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 1 1973 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 38 No 1 1974 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photos fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 261 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 as H juruensisphoto fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide

Houlettia odoratissima var xanthina Rchb.f 1884 Photos by Dylan Hannon

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