!Ionopsis utricularioides [Sw.]Lindley 1826 Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup Photo by © Weyman Bussey

Specimen Plant Photo by © Nik Fahmi Vortex Orchid Pages

Part shadeHotTo CoolSpringand Summer

Common Name The Delicate Violet Ionopsis

Flower Size less than 1/2" to 3/4" [less than 1.1 to 2 cm]

I collected this plant in Jamaica but they are also found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Haiti, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windward, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela Colombia, Ecuador, Galapagos, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil even being found rarely in Florida at elevations ranging from sealevel to 1300 meters, where it blooms in the spring and summer, and is a miniature to medium sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte found at altitudes up to 1100 meters in humid forests and citrus groves. It is a small, scrambling plant with ellipsoid, compressed, 1/2" psuedobulbs that bear a single, apical, linear to oblong-elliptic, acute leaf and 2 to 3, 6" linear or lanceolate, carinate, stiff and imbricate leaves that surround and enfold the rhizome and, a basal, erect, up to 3' long, branching panicle, terminating in densly numerous flowers that open in succession over months. The color of the flowers ranges from white to pink, lavender to purple and are quite a site in full bloom.

Synonyms Cybelion pallidiflorum (Hook. f.) Spreng. 1826; Cybelion pulchellum (Kunth) Spreng. 1826; Cybelion tenerum (Lindl.) Steud. 1840; Cybelion utriculariae (Sw.) Spreng. 1826; Dendrobium utricularioides [Sw.] 1799; Epidendrum calcaratum Sessť & Moc. 1894; Epidendrum crenatum Vell. 1827; Epidendrum paniculatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865; Epidendrum sessei Hoehne 1952; *Epidendrum utricularioides Sw. 1788; Iantha pallidiflora Hkr. 1824; Ionopsis deliciosa Linden & Rchb.f 1856; Ionopsis gardneri Lindl. 1851; Ionopsis pallidiflora Lindley 1836; Ionopsis paniculata Lindl. 1836; Ionopsis pulchella Kunth 1815; Ionopsis pulchella Lindley 1846; Ionopsis tenera Lindley 1836; Ionopsis tenera var effusa Lindley 1853; Ionopsis tenera var tomentosa Lindley 1853; Ionopsis tenera var violacea Lindley 1853; Ionopsis utricularioides f. virginalis (L.C.Menezes) Christenson 1996; Ionopsis utricularioides var. latifolia Cogn 1903; Ionopsis utricularioides var. violacea Lindl. 1852; Ionopsis utricularioides var. virginalis L.C.Menezes 1993; Ionopsis zonalis Lindley & Paxt. 1851; Scaphyglottis pallidiflora (Hook.) Lindl. 1839

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as I pulchella; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as I deliciosa; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 74. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 143. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fideAOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 1 1979 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 118 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 782 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 48 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 4 1991 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 1/2 1993 as I utricularioides var virginalis; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 071 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 31 Schlechter/Brieger 1995 drawing/photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1997; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 7 2003 photo; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013

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