Epidendrum sophronitis Linden & Rchb. f. 1867 GROUP Kalopternix Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Hanging Gardens

Another Flower Photo by Dale Borders

Part shadeCoolTo Spring TO Summer

Common Name The Modest Kalopternix

Flower Size to about 1 1/2" [to 4 cm]

A Peruvian and Ecuadorian small sized, cool to cold, pendant growing species at elevations of 1500 to 3500 meters in very wet, montane forests, found very low on tree trunks in deep shade with constant moisture. The stems are enveloped with 4 to 5 distichous, imbricating, lanceolate, ballooning sheaths graduated in size from the base to the apex ballooning over the base of the oblong to broadly elliptic, conduplicate below into the clapsing base leaves carrying fleshy flowers close in to the leaf base , inside the midrib of the leaf and that is partially concealed by the uppermost sheath on a terminal, subsessile, very short, 1 to 4 succesive flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on mature canes occuring in the spring and summer.

Synonyms ; Hormidium sophronitis Benth. & Hook. f. 1899; Kalopternix sophronitis (Linden & Rchb. f.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1870 as Epidendrum sophronitis drawing fide; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Scweinfurth 1970 as Epidendrum sophronitis; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as Kalopternix sophronities; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 928 Dodson 1984 as Kalopternix sophronitis drawing fide; ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0072 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 as E sophronitis; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 343 Hagsater, Sanchezand Garcia Cruz 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 472 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Kalopternix sophronites; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 637 Bennett & Christenson 2001 see Observation Section; *The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 The Debateable Epidendrum Withner & Harding 2004; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide different color and lip form; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1354 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Miniature Orchids, A Compendium Parsons and Gerritson 2013 photo fide

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