Lecanorchis nigricans Honda 1931

Photo by Hiroshi Nakayama and the Calypso Lip Webpage

Full Shade Cool Cold LATERSpring Summer

Common NameThe Turning Black Lecanorchis [refers to the flowers] - In China Quan Chun Yu Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Yunnan and north Fujian provinces of China, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan Vietnama and Thailand in damp areas of tropical evergreen hill forests at elevations of 400 to 1000 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial with an ascending ligneous, scaly rhizome giving rise to an erect, blackish, slender, often branched stem with several remotely spaced sheaths that blooms in the later spring and summer on a terminal, 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long, 5 to 8 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Lecanorchis nigricans var. patipetala Y.Sawa 1980; Lecanorchis nigricans var. yakusimensis T.Hashim. 1990; Lecanorchis ohwii Masam. 1933; Lecanorchis oligotricha Fukuy. 1942; Lecanorchis purpurea Masam. 1929; Lecanorchis taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing?; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 as L taiwaniana; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; Taiwania 61(4):319-354 November 2016, New Species of Orchids (Orchidaceae) in the Flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Nong, Nguyen and Truong 2016 photo fide;