Leochilus labiatus (Sw.) Kuntze 1891

Another Flower


Photos by A. V. Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil His 'Orchids of the Restinga area of Bahia, Brazil', Website


Common Name The Large-Lipped Leochilus

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found from Florida, Dominican Republic, Hait, Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and Brazil in tropical wet and montane forests at elevations of 220 to 1300 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with a suborbicular, bright green pseudobulb enveloped basally by several, conduplicate sheaths with the uppermost being leaf-bearing, carrying a single, apical, elliptic-lanceolate, tinged red-purple, basally clasping leaf that is sharply carinate below and blooms in the winter and spring on a basal, erect to arcuate, to 10" [25 cm] long, racemose or distally few branched paniculate inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and bearing a sublaxly few, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Cyrtochilum depauperatum (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1917; *Epidendrum labiatum Sw 1788; Leiochilus labiatus Kuntze 1891; Leochilus cochlearis (Lindl.) Lindl 1842; Leochilus depauperatus (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1922; Leochilus gracilis Schltr. 1923; Liparis labiata (Sw.) Spreng 1826; Oncidium depauperatum F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; Oncidium labiatum (Sw.) Rchb. f. 1863; Oncidium lansbergii Rchb.f. 1876; Rodriguezia cochlearis Lindl. 1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as L cochlearis drawing fide; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1917 as Cyrtochilum depauperatum drawing hmm; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 drawing good; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Leochilus depauperatus drawing ok; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 152. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Leiochilus gracilis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 255. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Leiochilus gracilis; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing good; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 # 9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing hmm; The Native Orchids Of Florida Luer 1972 Drawing/photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 124 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 798 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Systematic Botany Monographs Leochilus Vol 14 Chase 1986 drawing/photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antilanae Nir 2000; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larrimendi 2005 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide; Orchids A Colombian Treasure Vol 3 Ortiz & Uribe 2019 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 84 #1 2020 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide;