Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich. ex Lindl. 1825

Another View Photo courtesy of Zachary Bradford

Part shadeCold Spring Summer

Common Name The Lily-like Leaf Liparis - in US - The Lily Leaves Twayblade - The Mauve Sleekwort

Flower Size

Found from eastern Canada south to northern Alabama, Missippi, Arkansas and north to Minnesota and Wisconson in open woodlands, ravines and on the banks of woodland streams as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with an ovoid pseudobulb completely enveloped by dry sheaths and carrying 2 basal, glabrous, glossy green, elliptical, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, laxly many flowered racemose inflorescence.

Synonyms Achroanthes liliifolia (L.) Raf. 1836; Anistylis convallaria Raf. 1825; Cymbidium liliifolium (L.) Sw. 1799; Leptorkis liliifolia (L.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis liliifolia f. viridiflora Wadmond 1932; Malaxis liliifolia (L.) Sw. 1800; Mesoptera liliifolia (L.) Raf. 1833; Ophrys caroliniana Raeusch. 1797; *Ophrys liliifolia L. 1753; Ophrys trifolia Walter 1788; Sturmia liliifolia (L.) Rchb.f. 1852

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams 1983; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 5 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo;