Liparis rufina Rchb. f. ex Rolfe 1897

SUBGENUS Sturmia SECTION Liparis Drawing by Perrier and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Common Name The Benguet Liparis [an area of north western Luzon the Philippines]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Angola, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia, south Africa and Madagascar in damp places in grasslands, wet meadows or amongst rocks, sometime within Mangroves at elevations of 100 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with underground, greenless, tubueroid, ovoid, sheathed pseudobulbs giving rise to usually 3, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, erect, plicate, subsessile leaves that blooms at most ant time of the year on an erect, to 8" [20 cm] long, rachis narrowly winged, 10 to 30 flowered inflorescence .

Similar to and often given as as synonym of L nervosa but this one has pseudobulbs hidden in the humus, below the ground and the leaves are narrow, less than 1.6" [3 cm], L nervosa on the other hand has pseudobulbs above the ground and the leaves are twice as wide

Synonyms Leptorkis bicornis (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis bicornis Ridl. 1885; Liparis elata var. rufina Ridl. 1886; Liparis nyassana Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Szaltchetko etal 2012 drawing ok;