Neottia banksiana (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1852

Plant in situ Photo by Scott Cox and Website

Inflorescnece Photo by Patricia Harding

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Common Name Banks' Neottia [English Botanist 1800's] - in USA Northwestern Twayblade

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in the western US and Canada in shady coniferous forests as a miniature sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial with 2 opposite leaves that blooms on an erect, racemose inflorescence that occurs in the late spring till autumn.

Synonyms Listera caurina Piper 1898; Neottia caurina (Piper) Szlach. 1995; Ophrys caurina (Piper) Rydb. 1905

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 as Listera caurina drawing/photos fide;