Laelia purpurata Lindley and Paxton 1852 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Orchids and Tropicals Website

Flower Closeup

Photo by Patricia Harding

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Common Name Purple-stained Laelia

Flower Size 6 to 10" [15 to 25 cm]

A medium sized, hot to cool growing plant from Brazil where it is found as an epiphyte, with a single leaf, high in the canopy of wooded hillsides, with clavate pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblong-ligulate, leathery, erect, rounded at the apex leaf that blooms in the late spring through fall on a stout, 12 to 15" [30 to 37.5 cm] long, raceme subtended by a large sheath with 3 to 7 long-lasting, showy, fragrant, color variable flowers with an anise scent and needs a dry winter rest and moderate year round light.

Synonyms Amalia purpurea Heynh. 1846; Bletia casperiana Rchb. f. 1862; Bletia purpurata Rchb.f 1861; Bletia purpurata var. aurorea Rchb.f. 1862; Bletia purpurata var. pallida Rchb.f. 1862; Bletia purpurata var. praetexta (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1862; Brasilaelia purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Campacci 2006; Cattleya brysiana Lemaire 1852; Cattleya casperiana Rchb.f; Cattleya purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Rollisson ex Lindl., 1855; Cattleya purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Van den Berg 2008; Chironiella purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Braem 2006; Hadrolaelia purpurata ( Lindl. & Paxton ) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2002; Hadrolaelia purpurata f. virginalis (L.C.Menezes) F.Barros & J.A.N.Bat. 2004; Laelia casperiana Rchb.f 1859; Laelia purpurata var. blenheimense R.Warner & B.S.Williams 1889; Laelia purpurata var. nelisii Lem. 1868; Laelia purpurata var. praetexta Rchb.f. 1855; Laelia purpurata var. rosea Regel 1872; Laelia purpurata var. russelliana (B.S.Williams) B.S.Williams 1887; Laelia purpurata var. virginalis L.C.Menezes 1995; Laelia russelliana B.S.Williams 1885; Laelia wyattiana Rchb.f 1883; Sophronitis purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) C. Berg & M.W. Chase 2000

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia casperiana; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #4 1967; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 1 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 10 1984 photo fide; Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 2 Withner 1990 photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 55 No 3 1991 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 5 1994 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 #9 1995 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 64 #2 2000 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 2 2000 as Sophronitis purpurata; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 6 2000 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 66 #2 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 8 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 2 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 12 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 as Sophronitis purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 8 2008 photo as Sophronitis purpurata; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008 photo fide as Cattleya purpurata; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #3 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 11 2009 as Sophronitis purpurata photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #1 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #2 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #2 2010 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #4 2010 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #12 2010 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #5 2011 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #1 2012 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #3 2014 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 photo fide;AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #9 2015 as Cattleya purpuraa photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #11 2015 as cATTLEYA PURPURATA photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016 as Cattleya purpurata; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #1 2016 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #5 2016 as Cattleya purpurata drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #6 2016 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #7 2016 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #8 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #5 2017 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #6 2017 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 7 2017 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #7 2019 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #8 2019 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #11 2019 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #11 2020 as Cattleya purpurata photo fide;

Laelia purpurata var alba "Joao Dias" 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Jay Pfahl

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 10 1983 photo fide;

Laelia purpurata var carnea Lindley 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Lip Detail

Photos by Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup

Photo by Wilma Braga.

This is a light pink variety

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 11 1962 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 4 1963 photo; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 # 5 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 # 6 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #3 1997 as L purpurata var saguinea sic photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #10 2019 AS cATTLEYA PURPURATA VAR CARNEAphoto fide;

Laelia purpurata var coerula Lindley 1852-3SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Jay Pfahl

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo;

Laelia purpurata var roxo-violeta Lindley 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide;

Laelia purpurata var rubra Lindley 1852-3SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Patricia Harding

Laelia purpurata var russelliana (B.S.Williams) B.S.Williams 1887 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Ernest Hetherington

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #3 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide

Laelia purpurata var striata Lindley 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #5 2017 as Cattleya purpurata f striata photo fide;

Laelia purpurata var vagnota Lindley 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Patricia Harding.

Laelia purpurata var werkhauseri Lindley 1852-3 SUBGENUS Crispae SECTION Crispae Pfitzer

Photo by Wilma Braga

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 6 1972 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 13 No 3 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 as L purpurata f werkhauseri var supurba photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 7 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #3 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 3 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #11 2020 photo fide;

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