Lycaste cruenta Lindl. 1843 SECTION Aromaticae Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Clone Photo by Jay Pfahl.

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Common Name The Blood-Red Inner Lip Lycaste -In Mexico - Canelitas

Flower Size to about 4" [to about 10 cm]

This medium sized, cool to cold growing species occurs in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica and El Salvador as an epiphyte or lithophyte at elevations of 1800 to 2200 meters with large, ovoid-oblong, compressed, spined pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several imbricating, scarious, sheaths and carrying several, deciduous, elliptic-lanceolate to broadly elliptic, plicate, acute or acuminate leaves that blooms in the spring on a lateral, several at once, to 7" [17.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with several inflated sheath bracts that has waxy, long-lasting, scented flowers and heavily spined psuedobulbs. Chiapas Mx., 1890m elev., near Teopisco, epiphytic on large oak limbs, in open oak woods, very plentiful.

Synonyms Lycaste balsamea A. Rich. 1847; Lycaste cruenta var concolor Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var longibracteata Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var sulphurea Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var sulphurea subvar longibracteata Oakley 2008; Lycaste rossiana Rolfe. 1893; Lycaste rossiana var matto grossensis Barb. Rodr. 1898; Lycaste sulphurea Rchb.f. 1882; Maxillaria balsamea Beer 1854; *Maxillaria cruenta Lindl. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Lycaste rossiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Lycaste rossiana var mattogrossensis drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Genus Lycaste Fowlie 1970; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as L sulfurea drawing/photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide as L balsamea; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 as L saccata photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide as L sulphurea; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Lycaste balsamea drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as L sulfurea drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 9 1983 photo; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as L balsamea drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as L sulphurea drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L balsamea; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L rossiana; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L saccata; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L sulphurea; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 as L mattogrossense; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 71-74 Oakley 2007; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa The Essential Guide Oakley 2008; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1040 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide

Lycaste cruenta Lindl. 1843 var ? Photo courtesy of Noble Bashor.

Found in the same area as above. Determined by Dr. Henry Oakeley as an undescribed variety

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