Macradenia brassavolae Rchb.f 1852 Photos by Jay Pfahl

Flower closeup Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

FragrancePart shadeHotTo WarmSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Brassavola-Like Macradenia

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

A miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing epiphytic species found on trees in low wet forests at or near sea level to 300 meters from Chiapas and southern Quintana Roo statesd of Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela with clustered, pyriform-cylindric, slightly compressed, sulcate pseudobulbs carrying a single apical, narrowly oblong-oblanceolate, subacute, coriaceous leaf that blooms in the spring with a pendant, to 12" [30 cm] long, racemose, many flowered inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb with sweetly fragrant flowers. This species needs to be mounted on treefern or cork and kept moderately shaded with high humidity with more water while in growth and a little less as the psuedobulb matures.

Synonyms Macradenia brassavolae var. albiflora Senghas & Seeger 1996; Macradenia modesta [Rolfe]Rolfe 1896; Serrastylis modesta Rolfe 1894

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 10: 734. 1852.; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as M modesta; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo as M modesta; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 136 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1032 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 32 1977 - 2056 Brieger 1996 drawing good/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo ok; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium/Odontoglossum Alliance Bakers 2006; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1042 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #2 2010 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 28 #2 2011 photo ok