Malaxis excavata Kuntze 1891

Inflorescence

Plant

Flower Closeup

Photo courtesy of Americo Docha Neto

Inflorescence Comparison between M parthonii and M excavata

Flower Comparison between M parthonii and M excavata Photos by © Luiz Felipe Varella and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Common Name or Meaning The Hollowed Malaxis

Flower Size 5/8" [1.5 cm ]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Fr Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina at elevations around 1000 to 3400 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with ovate-conical pseudobulbs that are concealed by a few leafless sheathing bracts below and above carry 2, subopposite, ovate, amplexicaule, acuminate leaves that blooms in the fall in situ on a terminal, slender, 4 winged, to 4" [10 cm] long, peduculate umbellate inflorescence with a short rachis that elongates with subsequent flushes of numerous, non-resupinate flowers .

Synonyms Cheiropterocephalus sertuliferus Barb.Rodr. 1877 ; Epidendrum umbellatum Vell. 1827; Malaxis caracasana (Klotzsch ex Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis carpinterae (Schltr.) Ames 1922; Malaxis hastilabia (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis hastilabia (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis maguirei C.Schweinf. 1948; Malaxis ottonis (Schltr.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1998; Malaxis sertulifera (Barb.Rodr.) Pabst 1967; Malaxis uncinata Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 ; Microstylis caracasana Klotzsch ex Ridl. 1888; Microstylis carpinterae Schltr. 1918; *Microstylis excavata Lindl. 1838; Microstylis hastilabia Rchb. f. 1866; Microstylis muelleri Schltr. 1921; Microstylis ottonis Schltr. 1922; Microstylis paranaensis Schltr. 1920; Microstylis quadrangularis Cogn. 1906; Microstylis sertulifera (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1925; Microstylis spiralipetala Cogn. 1906 publ. 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten V Bolivia Schlechter 1922 as Microstylis ottonis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 90. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Microstylis hastilabia; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as M caracasana drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as M caracasana drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as M caracasana; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M caracasana drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 42 Liparinae 1984 photo ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Ecuador Plate 516 Dodson as M caracasana drawing fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 521 Dodson 1989 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1035 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1543 Atwood 1993 as Malaxis cf hastilabia; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 494 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing maybe; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as M caracasana drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as M carpinterae drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 COS 2002 as M caracasana drawing/photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 as M uncinata drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as M maguirei drawing ok; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 as M sertulifera photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------