Malaxis histionantha (Link) Garay & Dunst. 1976

Photo by Adam Karremans


Photo by Rodolfo Hernandez

Full shade WarmCoolEARLY Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Sail-Shaped Flower Malaxis

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela on steep slopes in humid forests at elevations of 1100 to 2400 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a bulbous stem carrying 2, elliptic, acute, shiny bright green above, duller and greyer beneath, petiolate basally and clasping leaves that blooms in the early fall on an erect, terminal, to 5.2" [13 cm] long, sub-umbellate, many flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Microstylis brenesii Schltr 1923; *Microstylis histionantha Link .1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis histonantha; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 167. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Microstylis brenesii; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 168. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Microstylis histionantha; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide/photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1451 Atwood & Mora 1992 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as M hystionantha photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo good; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide