Malaxis ophrydis (J.König) Ormerod 1995SECTION Gastroglottis Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Plant Drawing by © J B Comber and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part shadeWarmTo CoolLATE Spring To EARLY Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Eyebrow Malaxis [refers to the 2 leaves] - In Australia - The Common Snout Orchid - In China Kuan Ye Yang Er Suan - Broad Leafed Addermouth

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in southern Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Queensland Australia, New Caledonia and Taiwan in open places in montane, mixed and coniferous forests at 600 to 1500 meters in elevation as a deciduous, medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with 4" to 6" tall, tapered pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 5 spade-shaped, plicate, brilliant green leaves and blooms in the late spring and summer on a single 12" spike that produces a dense raceme made up of hundreds of 1/4" purplish red long-lasting flowers, plants are deciduous in winter.

This species correct name is Malaxis ophrydis as its basionym is Epidendrum ophrydis and it was published in 1791 beating out Malaxis latifolia by 28 years, but M latifolia is the name that many commercial vendors use.

Synonyms Anaphora liparioides Gagnep. 1932; Corymborkis latifolia (Sm.) M.R.Almeida 2009; Crepidium ophrydis (J.König) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Dienia congesta Lindl. 1825; Dienia curranii (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Dienia fusca Lindl. 1830; Dienia latifolia (Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Dienia montana (Blume) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Dienia ophrydis (J.König) Seidenf. 1997; *Epidendrum ophrydis J.König 1791; Gastroglottis latifolia (Sm.) Szlach. 1995; Glossochilopsis carnosula (Rolfe ex Downie) Szlach. & Marg. 2001; Glossochilopsis finetii (Gagnep.) Szlach. 1995; Gyrostachys plantaginea (Spreng.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis bernaysii (F.Muell.) F.M.Bailey 1883; Liparis krempfii Gagnep. 1929; Liparis turfosa Gagnep. 1929; Malaxis carnosula (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1959; Malaxis congesta (Lindl.) Deb 1962; Malaxis curranii Ames 1911; Malaxis kizanensis (Masam.) S.Y.Hu 1974; Malaxis latifolia Sm. 1812; Malaxis latifolia var. nana S.S.Ying 1985; Malaxis parvissima S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976; Malaxis plicata Roxb. 1832; Malaxis shuicae S.S.Ying 1987; Malaxis vietnamensis T.B.Nguyen & D.H.Duong 1984; Microstylis bernaysii F.Muell. 1878; Microstylis carnosula Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Microstylis congesta Rchb. f. 1861; Microstylis dalatensis Guillaumin 1955 ; Microstylis finetii Gagnep 1932; Microstylis fusca (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Microstylis ishigakensis Ohwi 1937; Microstylis kizanensis Masam. 1933; Microstylis latifolia J.J. Sm. 1905; Microstylis trilobulata Kurz 1870; Neottia plantaginea D.Don 1825; Spiranthes plantaginea Spreng. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Dienia congesta; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1878 as Spiranthes plantaginea; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Microstylis congesta; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Microstylis congesta; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Microstylis congesta drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Microstylis latifolia; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as Microstylis latifolia drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as Microstylis latifolia drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Malaxis latifolia; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Malaxis carnosula; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids 1965 as Anaphora liparidiodes; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Malaxis latifolia photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 as Malaxis latifolia; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as Malaxis latifolia drawing ok; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 as Malaxis latifolia photo ok; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 42 Liparinae 1984 as Malaxis latifolia drawing ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as Malaxis latifolia; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 12 1984 photo as Malaxis latifolia; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 as Malaxis latifolia photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 as Malaxis latifoliadrawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 as Malaxis latifolia; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 as Malaxis latifolia; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 1 1995 as Malaxis latifolia drawing; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 as Malaxis latifolia; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide as Malaxis latifolia; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 as Malaxis latifolia drawing ok; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol IV Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Dienia montana photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as Dienia ophrydis photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Dienia ophrydis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Dienia ophrydis drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 as Malaxis latifolia photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Dienia ophrydis photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as Dienia ophrydis photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as Dienia ophrydis; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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