Malaxis maianthemifolia Cham. & Schltdl. 1831


Plant in situ Costa Rica

Photo by © Walter Schug


Drawing by © ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 The Herbario AMO Website

Full Shade Cool Cold LATER Spring EARLIERSummer

Common Name The Maianthemum-Like Malaxis

Flower Size .1" [2mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua in wet montane forests at elevations of 1500 to 2800 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a subterrranean, suborbicular, thickened corm, a single, elliptic, acute to rounded, gradually narrows below into the conduplicate, elongate, petilate base leaf that blooms in the later spring and earlier summer on a erect, 10 3/4" [27 cm] long, many flowered infloresence

Synonyms Achroanthes maianthemifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Greene 1891; Dienia cordata (Rchb.f.) Lindl. 1838; Malaxis cochleariifolia A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Malaxis ichthiorhynca A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Microstylis cochleariifolia (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Rchb.f. 1850; Microstylis cordata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Microstylis elegantula Schltr. 1906; Microstylis ichthyorhyncha (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Rchb.f. 1866; Microstylis maianthemifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rchb.f. 1850;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Las Qrquedias de El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as M majanthefolia drawing/photo ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as M majanthefolia drawing hmm; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 835 Hamer 1983 as M majanthefolia drawing ok; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 as M majanthemifolia drawing/photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as M majanthemifolia ; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018