Malaxis monophyllos (Pav ex Lindl.) Swartz 1800 Photo courtesy of T.H. Pain and The Orchids of France and Europe

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Common Name The Single Leaf Malaxis - White Adder's Mouth - In China Yuan Zhao Lan

Flower Size Less than 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in Norway, Finland, Sweden, France, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Belarus, Ukraine, western Russia, central Russia, eastern Russia, western Siberia, eastern Siberia, Mongolia, China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Nepal, and the Philippines, in bogs in pine forests, deciduous forests, peat bogs and fens at elevations up to 1900 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with a subterranean pseudobulb giving rise to a spindly, greenish yellow, hairless, grooved towards the apex stem carrying 1 to 2 basal, oval-elliptic, spreading, curved, plicate, obtuse leaves that blooms in the late spring and early summer on a 2 to 13" [5 to 15.5 cm] long, loosely many flowered, narrowly cylindric and elongated inflorescence with non resupinate flowers and is commonly known in the US as 'White Adder's Mouth'.

Synonyms Achroanthes cilifolia Raf. 1836; Acroanthes monophylla (Pav. ex Lindl.) Greene 1891; Dienia gmelinii Lindl. 1830; Epipactis monophylla (L.) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Malaxis arisanensis (Hayata) S.Y.Hu 1974; Malaxis brachypoda (A.Gray) Fernald 1926; Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda (A.Gray) P.Morris & Eames 1929; Malaxis monophyllos var. diphyllos (Cham.) Luer 1975; Malaxis taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1975; Malaxis yunnanensis Tang & Wang 1951; Microstylis arisanensis Hayata 1916; Microstylis brachypoda A.Gray 1836; Microstylis diphyllos Lindl. 1830; Microstylis monophyllos (Pav ex Lindl.) Lindley 1830; Microstylis monophyllos subsp. brachypoda (A.Gray) Szlach. & Marg. 2006; *Ophrys monophyllos Linne

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis monophyllos; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as M yunnanensis; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 42 Liparinae 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 ; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide;

Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda (A.Gray) P.Morris & Eames 1929

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The North American version of this species occuring in Aleutians, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Br. Colombia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchuan, Ontario, Quebec, Prine Edward Islands, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Labrador, Newfoundland, California, Colorado, Wisconson, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusets, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine in bogs in pine forests, deciduous forests, peat bogs and fens at elevations up to 1900 meters .

Synonyms Malaxis brachypoda (A.Gray) Fernald 1926; Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda (A.Gray) P.Morris & Eames 1929; Microstylis brachypoda A.Gray 1836; Microstylis monophyllos subsp. brachypoda (A.Gray) Szlach. & Marg. 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Wild Orchids of the Prairies and Great Plains of North America P M Brown 2006

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