Masdevallia trochilus Linden & André 1873 SUBGENUS Polyantha SECTION Alaticaules SUBSECTION Alaticaules [Krzl.] Luer 1986 Photo by Jay Pfahl ©

Lip Detail


Plant and Flower

Photos by Marius Wasbauer.

Common Name The Little Bird Masdevallia

Flower Size to 2" [to 5 cm]

A miniature to small sized, caespitose, warm to cold growing epiphyte found in Antioquia and Cauca Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru in cloud forests at elevations of 1300 to 2400 meters with stout, erect ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, elliptical, obtuse leaf that is narrowly cuneate to the basal, stout, channeled petiole blooming on a subcongested, to 12" [30 cm] long, stout, flexuous, successively [2 to 3] flowered, triangular, racemose inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a basal bract and foliaceous, imbricating floral bracts holding the single flower well above the leaf occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Alaticaulia trochilus (Linden & André) Luer 2006; Masdevallia colibri Burrb. 1873; Masdevallia ephippium Rchb. f. 1873;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1874 Drawing; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as M ephippium; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as M ephippium drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 as M ephippium drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 7 1958 as M ephippium drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as M ephippium; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 288 Bennett & Christenson 1995; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XIX Systematics of Masdevallia Part 1 Luer 2000 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 66 #1 2002 as M epphipium drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia Part Five Luer 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Alaticaulia trochilus; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 25 #2 2008 photo fide; Orchidaceae Masdevallia and Affiliates Dodson & Luer 2009 as Alaticaulia trochilus drawing fide