Maxillaria caespitifica Rchb. f. 1876 sect. Erectae Pfitz 1889 Photo by David P. Banks, Australia

Part shadeHotTo WarmSpringand Summer

Common Name The Mat-Forming Maxillaria

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

Found as a miniature sized, hot to warm growing, ascending, unifoliate epiphyte from Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana, Ecuador and Peru in wet, montane forests at elevations of 100 to 1200 meters with a rhizome with 2 to 3 distichous, imbricating sheaths, between each oblong-elliptic, compressed pseudobulb partially enveloped basally by a few scarious, distichous, imbricatring leafless below and leaf-bearing above sheaths and carrying a single, lorate, acute, flat, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate clasping base leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on a subsessile, single flowered inflorescence arising on a newly forming pseudobulb with close, short, tubular bracts arising from the basal sheaths.

Very similar to Maxillaria variabilis and is a less straggling orchid with smaller pseudobulbs and flowers that are less shiny.

Synonyms Maxillariella caespitifica (Rchb. f.) M.A. Blanco & Carnevali 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 451 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 845 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 095 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing maybe;