Maxillaria gigantea [Lindl.] Dodson 1993 sect. Ornithidium [Salisb.] Christenson 2013 Photo by Rebecca Repasky and the Atrium Biodiversity Information System Website

Plant and Flowers Photo by Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers Ensitu Ecuador

Plant and Flowers in situ Peru Photos by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Common Name The Giant Maxillaria

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia as a large sized, robust, monopodial terrestrial or occasional epiphyte from steep slopes in wet montane forests at elevations around 1800 to 2600 meters with unbranched stems enveloped by distichous, imbricating, articulated, foliar sheaths carrying oblong, acuminate, lightly coriaceous, rigid, spreading leaves that blooms at most any time on axillary, single flowered fasciles with close, tubular, acuminate floral bracts with the campanulate flowers held close to the leaf axils.

Synonyms Camaridium aureum [Poepp. & Endl.] Hoehne 1945; Camaridium aureum var giganteum [Lindl.] Hoehne 1952; Maxillaria aurea [Poepp. & Endl.] L.O.Wms. 1945; Maxillaria aurea [Poepp. & Endl.] L.O.Wms. var gigantea [Lindl.] Schweinf. 1945; Ornithidium aureum Poepp & Endl. 1835; Ornithidium bolivianum Schlechter 1929; *Ornithidium giganteum Lindl. 1845

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium aureum; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium aureum var giganteum; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 as M aurea drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 as Maxillaria aurea drawing ok; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Camaridium aureum photo plant only; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M aurea drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 394 Dodson 1980 as Maxillaria aurea drawing ok; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 as Ornithidium aureum drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 505 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 102 Bennett & Christenson 1993 ok; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 drawing ; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as M aurea drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 as M aurea photo ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as M aurea photo hmm; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as M aurea drawing ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide

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